"Clinical responsibility for the mind control experiments lies with the doctors, who should have been constrained by the Hippocratic Oath."

          Colin A. Ross, M.D.
          Bluebird, Deliberate Creation
          Of Multiple Personality by Psychiatrists,

In 1955, a Russian manual entitled, "Brainwashing: A Synthesis of the Russian Textbook on Psychopolitics," was translated and distributed as a public warning by a New York professor. Psychopolitics was described by the Soviets as the "art and science of asserting and maintaining dominion over the thoughts and loyalties of individuals, officers, bureaus, and masses, and the effecting of the conquest of enemy nations through 'mental healing.'"

The manual was based on the methods of Ivan Pavlov, a Russian psychiatrist who developed conditioned response theories using experimental dogs in the early 1900s. This work laid the groundwork for a fundamental psychiatric misconception that remains to this day: that, like dogs, men are basically stimulus-response mechanisms. These experiments established the foundation for much of the inhuman brainwashing techniques used by the Soviet Union and China in the mid-twentieth century. Utilized by both Lenin and Stalin for political ends in the then USSR, Pavlov's methods helped spread communist rule over almost half the world.

The manual stated, "The tenets of rugged individualism, personal determinism, self-will, imagination, and personal creativeness are alike in the masses antipathetic to the good of the Greater State."48 Further, "The early Russian psychiatrists, pioneering this science of psychiatry, understood thoroughly that hypnosis is induced by acute fear. They discovered it could also be induced by shock of an emotional nature, and also by extreme privation, as well as by blows and drugs."49

"By perverting the institutions of a nation," it continues, "and bringing about a general degradation to the degree that privation and depression come about, only minor shocks will be necessary to produce, on the populace as a whole, an obedient reaction or an hysteria." The mere threat of war or the mere threat of aviation bombings can create this hysteria, it says.50

These are the methods studied by the likes of terrorist psychiatrist Dr. Aziz al-Abub and "The Jackal" at the Patrice Lumumba campus in Russia, and then exported to the Middle East and elsewhere.

During the Soviet era, Patrice Lumumba and the Lenin Institute both trained students in social psychology, unarmed combat and guerilla warfare. From here the students were sent to specialized training centers. Between 1968 and 1975, an estimated 2,500 terrorists and guerillas were trained there.51 Other "psychopolitics" centers include Tavistock Institute in Britain and The Frankfurt School in Germany.

The world's major cause for concern was once the cold war between Soviet Russia and America. At its height, Russia was guided by individual psychiatrists who trained terrorists, and who were the guardians over the Gulags. With the fall of Soviet Russia however, the world has a new trouble spot, one that has taken that psychiatric brainwashing technology and put it to work through another brand of terrorism.