THE WAR AGAINST THE MIND - continued
A Covert Assault On The West
"Many of the methods used by Dr. al-Abub [terrorist doctor] are standard techniques among doctors who use behavior technology to achieve control either within other terrorist groups or inside the framework of state-sponsored terrorism."52
Gordon Thomas, Veteran Foreign Affairs
Journey into Madness, 1989
The modern version of brainwashing is "Sensitivity Training," introduced into western countries in the 1940s and 50's. It originated with Kurt Lewin, a German psychologist who migrated to the U.S. in 1933, where he became a professor of child psychology. With his associates he evolved the concept of "T-groups" ("T" for training). In 1932, Lewin was the director of Tavistock, the psychological warfare department of the British government. Tavistock's pioneer work in behavioral science along Freudian lines established it as a world center for this ideology.
As a result of Lewin's work, the National Training Laboratories (NTL) was established in 1947, and by 1950, the T-group concept had gained rapid popularity amongst psychologists. The term "Sensitivity Training" was later coined.
Adherents of this, such as psychologist Ed Schein, who studied brainwashing techniques in Korea, admit that it derives from Pavlov's brainwashing methods. In an introduction to one of his papers on Sensitivity Training, Schein writes that this method "fits into a context of institutional influence procedures which includes coercive persuasion in the form of thought reform or brainwashing as well as a multitude of less coercive, informal patterns."
It was defined as a three-stage process involving "unfreezing," "changing," and "refreezing."
"Unfreezing" physically removes the person from his accustomed routines, sources of information, and social relationships, then undermines the normal social support structures, humiliates the individual so that he sees his old self as unworthy and supposedly motivates him to change. The process was later compared to those methods employed by the Chinese Communists in their attempt to inculcate [instill] Communist attitudes into their youth or into prisoners.
"Changing" was defined as directing the person towards learning new attitudes, quite often through coercion.
"Refreezing" was defined as "...the integration of the changed attitudes into the rest of the personality...."53
In reality, Sensitivity Training is the invalidation of the individual through the refuting, denying, degrading or discrediting of anything he considers to be a fact or a certainty-for example, a principle of moral conduct. This effectively knocks whatever props the person may have out from under him. The inevitable disorientation that follows is then used to force another person's or group's point of view or set of values onto the individual. In practice, it destroys individualism, moral judgment and personal responsibility.
Sensitivity Training was later described as having been "developed to study how people could be socially and psychologically manipulated to give up their souls...."54
Today its siblings comprise more than two dozen names; among them are Reality Therapy, Group Therapy, Conflict Management, Gestalt Therapy, Planned Change, Mind Set, Role Playing, Human Relations Lab, Sensory Awareness Groups, Conflict Resolution, Encounter Groups and Social Psychology.
Social Psychology was also taught at Patrice Lumumba Center and The Lenin Institute in Soviet Russia to train guerillas and the likes of Dr. al-Abub and "The Jackal." Between 1968 and 1975, an estimated 2,500 terrorists and guerillas were trained at these centers.
IDEOLOGY OF HATE